— Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullaah) [Majmoo al-Fataawaa: 16/346]
وَمَنْ أَرَادَ الاٌّخِرَةَ وَسَعَى لَهَا سَعْيَهَا وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَأُولَـئِكَ كَانَ سَعْيُهُم مَّشْكُورًا
"…And whoever desires the Hereafter and strives for it, with the necessary effort due for it [i.e. do righteous deeds of Allaah’s Obedience] while he is a believer [in the Oneness of Allaah], then such are the ones whose striving shall be appreciated, thanked and rewarded [by Allaah]."
Soorat al-‘Israa, Aayah 19
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (radhiAllahu ‘anhu):
Allah’s Apostle (sallAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) cursed those men who are in the similitude (assume the manners) of women and those women who are in the similitude (assume the manners) of men.
— [Sahih Bukhari Vol. 7, no. 773]
by Sheikh Ibn al-Uthaymeen (rahimahullah)
Muhammad SalihIbn al-Uthaymeen said: “Salafiyyah is following the way of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) and his Sahabah for they are our Salaf (predecessors) who preceded us, so following them is Salafiyyah. As for taking Salafiyyah as a special Manhaj such that everyone who differs with it is considered astray even if he was on the truth; then this is beyond doubt opposite to Salafiyyah.
All the Salaf called to Islam and to unite upon the Sunnah of Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) and they did not declare astray anyone who differs with them (in a certain issue) because of (a different) interpretation (Taweel), except in matters of Aqeedah because they considered him, who differed in Aqeedah as astray.
But, in our time, some who took the path of Salafiyyah consider astray everyone who differs from them even if the truth were to be on his side. And they took a Hizbi (partisan) Manhaj, just like the other Hizbs (parties), who divide the religion. This (their way) must be rejected and not be approved of.
It is said, ‘Look at the way of the Salaf as-Salih and what did they do in regards to differences and wideness of their hearts with regards to Ikhtilaaf (differences) in matters in which Ijtihad was feasible. (They differed with each other) to the degree that they differed in big issues, in (minor) issues of Aqeedah and (minor) issues of knowledge – for example, some of them denied that Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) saw His Lord and some of them confirmed of it. Some of them said, ‘the deeds would be weighted on the Day of Judgment’, whilst others held that “the books which record the deeds will be weighed.” They also differ in matters of Fiqh, marriage, obligations, buying and selling, etc. Despite this, they did not declare each other astray.
Thus, Salafiyyah that is taken to mean a special party (Hizb) with specific rules whose members consider anyone who differs with them as astray then they have nothing to do with Salafiyyah.
But the Salafiyyah that is to follow the Salaf in beliefs, sayings, actions, their way of differing and unity, their way of being merciful and compassion to one another as the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said, ‘You see the believers as regards their being merciful among themselves and showing love among themselves and being kind, resembling one body, so that, if any part of the body is not well then the whole body shares the sleeplessness (insomnia) and fever with it.’ Then this is the true Salafiyyah.”
[From his book, “Liqaa-al-Baab al-Maftooh”, Q # 1322]
"Those who say that Islam is the religion of equality are lying against Islam. Rather Islam is the religion of justice which means treating equally those who are equal and differentiating between those who are different."
— Sharh al-‘Aqeedah al-Waasitah, 1/180-181
Some say: why is it that you use certain terms for the Uluw (Allaah being above His creation) of Allaah which were not used by the prophet alayhi salaam or the Sahabah?
Answer: when the people of innovation increased and put the Muslims to test in their beliefs by using terms which supported their innovation and corrupt beliefs, the salaf used new terms in order to clarify the falsehood of the people of innovation. In order to show the Muslims that what is meant in a particular verse of Hadith about the Attributes of Allaah is not what the people of innovation are saying.
For example: when the Jahmiyyah/Mu’tazilah denied the Attributes of Allaah, they said that He did not rise (Istiwaa) above His throne. So, the salaf said “Allaah rose (Istiwaa) above His throne in the literal sense (haqeeqi) and not in the metaphorical sense (majaazi) as the Jahmiyyah/Mu’tazilah say.
Again when they said that Allaah is ‘everywhere’. The salaf said “Allaah is above the seven heavens above His throne by His essence, seperate from His creation.”
To check and refer back to see what I have said is true, go back to the books of the salaf such as;
- Sharh As-Sunnah of Imam Barbahaari (d.329H)
- Radd Alaa Jahmiyyah of Imam Ahmed (d.241)
- Radd Alaa Jayhmiyyah of Imam Daarimee (d.280H)
- Radd Alaa Jahmiyyah of Imam Ibn Mandah (d.395H)
- As-Sunnah of Imaam Ibn Abi Aasim (d.287H)
- As-Sunnah of Abdullaah Ibn Imam Ahmed Bin Hanbal (d.290H)
- Ithbaat Hadd Lillaahi of Imam Dashty (d.655H)
- Kitaab Al-Arsh of Ibn Abi Shaybah (d.297H)
- Risaalah ilaa ahl-Aththagar of Imam Al-Ashari (d.364H)
- Al-Ibaanah of Imam Al-Ashari (d.364H)
- Maqaalaat Islaamiyyeen of Imam Al-Ashari (d.364)
- Al-Hujjah Alaa Taarik Al-Muhajjah of Ibn Taahir Al-Maqdisee (d.507H)
- Khalq Af’aal Al-‘Ibaad of Imam Bukhaari (d.256H)
- Al-Ibaanh of Ibn Battah (d.387H)
- Al-Hujjah fi Bayaan Al-Muhajjah of Isma’eel Al-Asbahaani (aka Qawaam As-Sunnah) (d.535H)
- As-Sunnah of Imam Al-Humaidi (d.220H)
- Usool As-Sunnah of Imam Ahmed (d.241H)
- Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah of Imam At-Tahaawi (d.796H)
- Naqd Alaa Bishr Al-Mareesee of Imam Ad-Daarimee (d.280H)
- Kitaab At-Tawheed of Imam Bukhaari (d.256H)
- Kitaab At-Tawheed of Imam Ibn Khuzaimah (d.311H)
- Kitaab Al-Eemaan of Imam Ibn Mandah (d.395H)
- Kitaab At-Tawheed of Imam Ibn Mandah (d.395H)
- As-Sunnah of Imam Khallaal (d.311H)
- Ash-Sharee’ah of Imam Aajurry (d.360H)
- Qaseedah Haaiyyah of Imam Ibn Abi Dawood (d.316H)
- Sareeh As-Sunnah of Imam Tabari (d.310H)
- I’tiqaad Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaah by Imam Laalikaaee (d.418H)
- I’tiqaad Ahlus-Sunnah of Imam Isma’eelee (d.371H)
- As-Sunnah of Imam Muzani (d.264H)
- Aqeedatu-Ar-Raazi’ain of Imam Abu Haatim Ar-Raazi and Imam Abu Zur’ah Ar-Raazi (d.277H, d.264H)
- Kitaab As-Sunnah of Imam Harb Al-Karmaani (d.280H)
- Kitaab Al-Qadar of Imam Al-Farayaabi (d.301H)
- Mukhtasar Al-Hujjah Alaa Taarik Al-Muhajjah of Imam Nasr Al-Maqdisee (d.490H)
- Risaalah Al-Qairwaaniyyah of Imaam Ibn Abi Zaid Al-Qairwaani, also known as Imam Malik As-Saghir (d.386H)
The number books of Hadith which contain a chapter by the name of Kitaab Tawheed.
The majority of the above mentioned imams died before 400 Hijri (to show you the pristine beliefs of the early Muslims). And there are many which I have not mentioned in this list